The association of rashes and babies is a long one, probably dating back to the evolution of mankind. It is the delicate and soft nature of baby skin that attracts a number of rashes or skin infections. The most common of the skin rashes is diaper rash, caused by the continuous wetting and drying of the skin along with repetitive exposure to a variety of excrements and irritating substances. Being exposed to a variety of irritants, the naturally dry barrier of a baby’s skin becomes red, warm, rough and can lead to a variety of infections. Among the common irritants are urine, stool and bacteria from urine and stool. Ammonia formed from the breakdown of urea is irritating to sensitive infant skin. Though ammonia by itself does not cause any harm, when it comes in contact with already irritated skin can cause further damage. Diaper rash is further divided into several different kinds of skin conditions that occur in the diaper area. Few common types of rashes are chafing dermatitis, eczema, perianal dermatitis, candidal dermatitis and impetigo. While these skin rashes are very irritating and cause of discomfort for babies, they also pose a major concern for parents. Here are mentioned different types of diaper rash that you should know.
Types of Diaper Rash
Chafing dermatitis also known as irritant dermatitis is the most common form of diaper rash, which can make the genital area and folds of the thighs & buttocks appear red and puffy. It occurs when the baby stays too long in a wet and dirty diaper. This type of rash generally comes and goes, causing little discomfort until it’s not perplexed by a secondary infection.
Atopic Dermatitis or Eczema
Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is characterized by red scaly patches on the legs and in the groin area. It may turn up in other parts of the body after spreading from the diaper area. There are several causes of atopic dermatitis such as allergens, irritants, environmental and hereditary factors.
This type of rash is characterized by bright to dark redness around the anus region. The most common cause of perianal dermatitis is the more alkaline nature of stools. This type of rash is mostly commonly seen in bottle-fed babies and those that have been introduced to food. Breastfed babies are not affected with this type of skin rash.
Candidal Dermatitis (Yeast Infection)
Candidal dermatitis, also commonly known as yeast infection, is usually tender and painful. It generally appears in the folds of the baby’s genitals, legs and the creases between the abdomen and thighs. In the beginning, small red spots appear in numerous numbers and then form together as a raised bright red rash with distinct edges. Studies have proved the fact that yeast infection occurs mostly to babies who are on antibiotics.
Seborrheic Dermatitis (Cradle Cap)
Seborrheic dermatitis is defined as a deep red rash that is rough, raised and often has yellowish scales. It usually begins on the scalp as cradle cap, although it can sometimes occur in the diaper region and then spread upwards. Seborrheic dermatitis is normally caused by overactive oil glands in the skin.
Impetigo appears as a yellow-brown crusty patch or pus filled pimples or blisters, which is normally followed by a lot of surrounding redness. Impetigo occurs on buttocks, lower abdomen, anus, umbilical cord, and thighs and then spreads to other parts of the body. This rash is caused by bacteria streptococci or staphylococci.
This type of rash appears as a reddened area, and is generally caused by skin rubbing on skin. Signs of intertrigo can be usually observed in the folds between the thighs and abdomen and sometimes in the armpits.
Tidemark dermatitis is a type of diaper rash and involves an irritation that occurs from the edges or bindings of a diaper rubbing against the skin.
One of the less common causes of diaper rash is allergic reactions or skin sensitivity to the diaper itself. Signs of this kind of allergic reactions include itchy red, raised, scaly skin in the diaper area. Area of skin that comes in contact with dyes on the diaper can become sensitive and develop an allergic reaction.
This type of rash is not generally caused by diaper but can affect the diaper areas. Scabies is characterized by intensely itchy skin condition caused by mites that have burrowed under the skin. The general symptoms of scabies begin suddenly and spread to a wide area including red, raised, itchy areas on the abdomen, web spaces of the hands and feet, armpits, and genitals.
It is a type of skin rash that causes reddened and silver scaly patches of skin. However, the silver scales may be absent in the diaper.
Now you are aware of the different types of skin rashes that could affect your baby. Be prepared and give a healthy and happy life to your baby.